The Brighter Side of History - January 1

New Year's Day - The most celebrated holiday around the world.

4713 BC Julian calendar begins at Greenwich mean noon More ...
0404 Last gladiator competition in Rome More ...
990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
1502 Portuguese explorers landed at Guanabara Bay on the coast of South America More ...
1583 First day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders More ...
1600 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25 More ...
1610 German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
1660 Samuel Pepys begins his famous diary which he chronicled life in London More ...
1673 Regular mail delivery begins between New York & Boston More ...
1758 International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom
1772 First traveler's checks issued (London) More ...
1776 During the American Revolution, George Washington unveils the Grand Union Flag More ...
1785 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes first issue More ...
1797 Albany replaces New York City as capital of NY More ...
1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
1801 Ireland was added to Great Britain by Act of Union More ...
1801 Giuseppe Piazzi discoved first asteroid later named Ceres More ...
1804 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day) More ...
1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony More ...
1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves More ...
1818 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously
1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes first issue of abolitionist journal More ...
1840 First recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, New York City, NY More ...
1846 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico More ...
1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
1852 First US public bath opens in New York City, NY More ...
1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps More ...
1853 First practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service More ...
1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
1862 First US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000) More ...
1863 First homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska More ...
1863 Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln More ...
1874 New York City annexes the Bronx More ...
1880 Building of Panamá Canal, begins More ...
1881 Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes More ...
1890 First Tournament of Roses, Pasadena, CA More ...
1892 Ellis Island became reception center for new immigrants More ...
1896 Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays More ...
1897 First football game between black colleges-Atlanta University 10, Tuskegee 0
1898 Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island consolidated into NYC More ...
1899 Cuba liberated from Spain by US (National Day) More ...
1901 The Commonwealth of Australia founded More ...
1902 First Rose Bowl game (Pasadena CA) - University of Michigan 49, Stanford 0 More ...
1903 Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US More ...
1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
1907 President Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day More ...
1908 First time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square More ...
1909 Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
1912 First running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles) More ...
1913 Post office begins parcel post deliveries More ...
1914 First scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot) More ...
1916 First football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown) More ...
1919 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company More ...
1922 Vancouver BC starts driving on the right side of road
1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
1924 Frank B. Cooney of Minneapolis, Minnesota patents ink paste More ...
1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo More ...
1928 First US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio More ...
1929 Roy Riegels runs 60 yards the wrong way with Rose Bowl fumble recovery More ...
1930 One of radio’s first comedy programs, "The Cuckoo Hour" debuts on the NBC-Blue Network More ...
1932 US Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth
1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison More ...
1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective More ...
1935 First Sugar Bowl & first Orange Bowl More ...
1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto More ...
1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM More ...
1936 First newspaper to microfilm its current issues, New York Herald Tribune More ...
1937 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain
1942 Twenty six countries signed the Declaration of the United Nations More ...
1942 Rose Bowl played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat More ...
1944 First feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, New York City, NY
1945 France joins the UN
1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god More ...
1946 ENIAC, US first computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert More ...
1948 First color newsreel filmed, Pasadena CA More ...
1950 "Rudolph, The Red-nosed Reindeer" by Gene Autrey topped the charts More ...
1953 First TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK
1954 Rose & Cotton Bowl are first sport colorcasts More ...
1955 "Let Me Go Lover" by Joan Weber topped the charts More ...
1957 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year) More ...
1958 The EEC (European Economic Community) known as the Common Market forms More ...
1959 Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba driving out dictator Fulgencio Batista More ...
1960 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs
1961 Houston Oilers beat Los Angeles Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game
1962 Beatles Decca audition More ...
1966 "The Sounds of Silence" by Simon & Garfunkel topped the charts More ...
1966 US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health" More ...
1967 Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys 34-27 in NFL championship game
1967 KC Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills 31-7 in AFL championship game
1968 Daredevil Evel Knievel loses control of his motorcycle over Caesar’s Palace ornamental fountains More ...
1969 Jack Kent Cooke, owner of NHL's LA Kings, fines each player $100 for "NOT" arguing with the referee
1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV More ...
1972 International Book Year
1972 "Brand New Key" by Melanie topped the charts More ...
1973 Britain, Ireland and Denmark became members of the Common Market (EEC) More ...
1974 Lee MacPhail takes over as AL president, succeeding Joe Cronin
1976 NBC replaces the peacock logo More ...
1976 Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall
1976 Potheads alter the "HOLLYWOOD" sign to read "HOLLYWEED" More ...
1977 "Tonight's The Night (Gonna Be Alright)" by Rod Stewart topped the charts More ...
1978 President Ford signs first major revision of copyright law since 1909 More ...
1979 China and the U.S. established diplomatic relations More ...
1979 International Year of the Child More ...
1983 TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol
1983 "Maneater" by Daryl Hall & John Oates topped the charts More ...
1984 NYC transit fare rises from 75 cents to 90 cents
1991 Colorado Buffaloes claim US college football's national championship with a 10-9 win over Notre Dame in the 1991 Orange Bowl
1992 The ESPN Radio Network debuted More ...
1993 Czechoslovakia broke into separate Czech and Slovak republics More ...
1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect More ...
1994 Florida State University beats the University Of Nebraska in the Orange Bowl for the US national football championship
1995 Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980) More ...
1996 After 27 years, Betty Rubble debuts as a Flintstone vitamin
1998 US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733
1999 Eleven European nations began using the Euro More ...
2000 United States hands over the Panama Canal to Panama
2000 People the world over changed their calendars to 2000 with very few of the 'Y2K' computer glitches that had been predicted
2008 At Ralph Wilson Stadium in Buffalo, New York, the first regular-season outdoor NHL hockey game in the US is held
2008 The law legalizing civil unions between same sex couples goes into effect in New Hampshire
2008 France implements tough No-smoking rules prohibiting people from lighting up in cafes, bars and restaurants
2008 Cyprus and Malta adopt the Euro joining 13 other European countries using the single currency
2009 Slovakia becomes the sixteenth country in the European Union to adopt the Euro
2014 Latvia officially became a part of the "Eurozone", the eighteenth country to start using the Euro as their official currency
2014 Colorado Sells Marijuana More ...